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Vocabulary

Page history last edited by Catherine Trinkle 13 years, 8 months ago


 

Definition

Vocabulary refers to the words we must know to communicate effectively. Oral vocabulary refers to words that we use in speaking or recognize in listening. Reading vocabulary refers to words we recognize or use in print.

 

Research indicates

1. Prior to reading new text; direct, specific word instruction should be applied to difficult words or concepts that are not a part of the students' everyday knowledge or experience.

 

2. Repeated exposure to vocabulary in many contexts aids word learning.

 

3. Extended instruction that promotes active engagement with vocabulary improves word learning. The more students use new words and the more they use them in different contexts, the more likely they are to learn the words.

 

4. No more than eight to ten new words should be introduced as direct/explicit vocabulary instruction each week.

 

5. Teachers should read aloud daily to their students, as vocabulary is also learned indirectly through this process.

 

6. Non-fiction/informational texts need to be read to and read by students at least as much as fictional texts.

 

 

 

Strategies (Apply to all readers)

 

1. Visuals

 

2. Using Words in Context

 

3. Antonyms & Synonyms

 

4. How Well Do I Know This Word?

 

5. Hot Seat

 

6. Word Walls

 

7. Guess and Check

 

8. Rivet

See this link for an explanation http://classroom.jc-schools.net/read/RIVET.htm

 

9. Picture Cards

 

10. Act out vocabulary words

 

11. Frequency Use Bulletin Board

 

12. Author Studies: Studying an author’s body of work is an excellent way to study vocabulary and to work on fluency and comprehension strategies.

 

13. Fluent readers should read independently every day. Students could read independently when their teacher is working with a small group or individual, during transitional times, and as a significant part of their homework.

 

 

Sources

 

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